The Mystic Krewe of the Seahorse #MKOTSH takes its name from the USS Sea Horse and the Battle of Bay St. Louis, between the United States Navy and the British Navy on December 13-14, 1814. This Battle has been called several different names, including the Battle of Lake Borne, Battle of Pass Christian and of course the Battle of the Bay of St. Louis. The Mystic Krewe of the Seahorse is honoring those courageous sailors and soldiers who valiantly fought for this Country’s independent.
Our Krewe is comprised of those who know how to party! The purpose of the Mystic Krewe of the Seahorse is to support our city and celebrate Mardi Gras with the community.
Interested in becoming a member of the krewe? Submit your membership application today and join the festivities!
The British Navy was advancing on New Orleans after successful attacks upon Pensacola and Mobile. British ships were sailing off the American southern coast to capture New Orleans. The British fleet’s landing area for the invasion of New Orleans was through the Rigolets into Lake Ponchatrain for an easy victory, however, this Battle and the continuation of this battle at the larger Battle of Lake Borgne, negated this advance.
In fact, this Battle was a forerunner of the Alamo. Some historians have suggested that the fighter at the Alamo exclaimed “Remember the Battle of The Bay” as they stared down the invading forces.
Most historians agree that the following occurred:
At night, on December 13, 1814, the British set course for the lake. British Admiral Alexander Cochrane ordered Captain Nicholas Lockyer, of HMS Armide to proceed to the lake with a force of forty-two armed ships, with 1200 sailors and marines with 8 to 24 pound guns.
The USS Sea Horse, commanded by Sailing Master William Johnson, was on a mission to Bay St. Louis to destroy a garrison of weapons to prevent its possible capture by the British fleet. The USS Sea Horse was armed with only one 6 inch cannon and had a crew of fourteen men with muskets. Also in the Bay of St. Louis was the USS Alligator stationed in the Bay on the east side.
The USS Sea Horse in the Bay of St. Louis, had not yet made it to its dock at the Ulman Ave. Pier in Bay St. Louis when it was spotted by the British from a distance, and an unknown number of boats were sent in that direction to cut the American schooner off and capture her. At some point, Sailing Master Johnson spotted the Royal Navy boats and attacked. This attack included the USS Alligator and the USS Sea Horse against the whole British Fleet.
The initial exchange occurred which resulted in damage to the Seahorse by a couple British shots and destruction of the USS Alligator, wherein the Seahorse then decided to retreat and proceed to its dock at the Ulman Ave. Pier and to continue its mission. The British longboats pressed forward. However, due to the season and the tides the longboats had difficultly traveling in the Bay.
The tides drew the British longboat into range of the Bay St. Louis shore artillery batteries which began to attack the invading fleet. History says that a lady of the City saw the longboats approaching, yelled at the artillery officers, yanked a cigar out of the mouth of one officer and lit a cannon starting an artillery attack.
Upon the firing of the shore artillery, The USS Sea Horse turned and headed back into battle, again, and took the fight to the British. The artillery on the coast began firing and the British flotilla retreated. The British gunboats landed at Pass Christian and attacked the garrison in Pass Christian in the early morning.
After fighting off the British’s 1st boat attack, Master Johnson continued to complete his mission, and with the shore batteries as protection anchored his ship until the next morning.
So the anchor was dropped and the USS Sea Horse‘s crew began to settle for the night. After a short period of rest, the British longboats returned, more in numbers this time. The Royal Navy was able to achieve a closer range than during their first attack, due to the Americans believing their action was over for that night.
One member of the fourteen man U.S. crew spotted the silently approaching British boats and the alarm was raised. Immediately the crew was ordered to arm themselves with the schooner’s issue of muskets, or man the sailing vessel’s one gun. The British boats drew close and the Americans opened fire.
Hearing the USS Sea Horse‘s fire, the American battery commenced. Accurate fire from the American’s small arsenal of weapons proved efficient and another longboat attack was driven off. Captain Lockyer decided to continue his attempt to capture the Sea Horse, but ordered his main fleet to continue on to Lake Borgne.
The British Navy suffered damage to the longboat during the action and an unknown number of dead and wounded. The United States lost two dead and two wounded, as well as damage to the schooners. William Johnson, just after his encounter with the British, realized that the enemy fleet was nearby and the capture of his ship by the main Royal Navy fleet was indeed possible. So he ordered his ship back to the Ulman Ave. Pier and scuttled his schooner aground on a beach and had her burnt.
This Battle has been unrecognized for too long. The Battle was significant for several reasons and historic facts:
- It was a classic- “David vs. Goliath”.
- The Battle Saved New Orleans-gave precious time to Gen. Andrew Jackson to prepare.
- It was a precursor for the “Alamo”; and
- The Last Navel Battle between US Navy Ships and a foreign naval power in US Territorial Waters.
- The only Battle in the State of Mississippi in the War of 1812.
In an effort to recognize the historic event “The Mystic Krewe of the Seahorse” is sponsoring the 200th Anniversary of this Battle with several events leading up to and including the celebration of the 200th Anniversary on December 12-14, 2014.
- April 12, 2017
We hereby present the Royal Court of the Mystic Krewe of the Seahorse. They have been appointed and crowned by the entire Krewe. King Oceanus III Al Copeland Queen Tethys III Samantha Walley Grand Marshall Di Fillhart & Zac Fillhart Captain Johnson Donald Rafferty Ms. Claiborne Kim Uram Andrew Jackson Kevin Gallagher Lafitte Brothers Jean Brian Petone Pierre Tim Kihneman Alexander You Kenny […]March 23, 2016
We hereby present the Royal Court of the Mystic Krewe of the Seahorse. They have been appointed and crowned by the entire Krewe. King Oceanus III Bubba Wyly Queen Tethys III Yuki Northington Grand Marshall Vince Vance Captain Johnson Kerry Corr Ms. Claiborne Dot Kersanac Andrew Jackson Kevin Gallagher Lafitte Brothers Jean Joel Dorris Pierre Gary Goad Alexander You Vacant Captain Johnson’s Crew […]March 18, 2016
Bay’s Mystic Krewe of the Seahorse rolls on Lundi Gras BY MAURICE SINGLETON BAY ST. LOUIS More than 5,000 revelers lines the streets of Bay St. Louis for the third Mystic Krewe of the Seahorse Mardi Gras parade on Monday evening. Grand Marshal Vince Vance, of Vince Vance and the Valiants, led the parade of 60 entries for the two-mile trek from the […]